Excerpts from a lecture of Rabee Al-Madkhali ربيع بن هادي عمير المدخلي
Sufism is a way whose beginning was complete avoidance of the affairs of worldly life, then those who attached themselves to it became lax in allowing singing and dancing. Therefore the seekers of the Hereafter from the common people became attracted to them due to the avoidance of the worldly life which they manifested, and the seekers after this world werealso attracted to them due to the life of ease and frivolity which they were seen to live.” [Talbees Iblees p.161]
Shaykh Aboo Zahrah rahimahullaah, said, concerning the reason for the appearance of Sufism and the sources from which it sprung:
1. The first source:
Some of the worshippers amongst the Muslims turned all their attention to avoidance of the worldly life and to cutting themselves off in order to worship. This first began in the lifetime of theProphet when some of the Companions decided to spend the night striving in Prayer and abandoning sleep. Others decided to fast every day without fail.Others decided to cease having marital relations with women. So when that reached the Prophet he said: What is wrong witb a people wbo say sucb and such. But ratber I fast and I refrain from fasting,1 pray and 1 sleep, and I marry women. So wboever turns away from my Sunnah, then be is not from me (Reported by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim).
Furthermore the innovation of living like monks (monasticism) is forbidden in the Qur'aan. He said: “...the Monasticism which they invented for themselves.. .” [al-Hadeed 57:27].
However when the Prophet passed on to join the company of the highest angels, and many people entered into Islaam from the previous religions then the number of those who went to extremes in avoidance of the worldly life and its blessings grew and Sufism found a place in the hearts of these people since it had come across a fertile planting ground.
2. The second matter which attracted peoples souls was something which appeared amongst the Muslims in the form of two ideologies. One of them wasphilosophical whilst the other was from the previous religions. As for the first, then it was the view of the Illuminist school of philosophers who held that knowledge and awareness is brought about in the soul by spiritual exercises and purification of the soul. As for the second ideology, then it was the belief that the Deity dwells in human souls, or that the Deity is incarnate in humanity. This idea began to find a placeamongst those sects who falsely attributed themselves to Islaam in the earlier times, when the Muslims became mixed with the Christians. This idea appeared amongst the Sabians and some of the Kaysaamiyyab, then the Qaraamitah, then amongst the Baatinees, then in its final shape it appeared amongst some of the Sufis...
There is another source from which it took, and which causes the manifestation of Sufi tendencies, which is the idea that the texts of the Book and the Sunnah have an outer, apparent meaning and an inner, hiddenmeaning... it seems clear that they took this idea from the Baatinees. [The book Ibn Taymiyvah by Aboo Zahrah pp.197-198].
So all these ideas became mixed, from exaggeration in avoidance of theworldly life to opening the door to ideas of the Deity being incarnate increation, to the idea that the whole of creation is a single reality, which is Allaah (wahdatul-wujood) . From the blending of all these thoughts came Sufism, which appeared within Islaam. It became more severe in the fourth and fifth centuries and reached its peak after that, being as far as it is possible to be from the guidance of the Noble Qur'aan and the pure Sunnah.It reached the point that the followers of Sufism called anyone who followed the Qur'aan and the Sunnab ‘people of the Sharee'ah’ and ‘people of what is apparent’ (ahlul-dhaahir) , whereas they called themselves ‘people of the true reality’ and ‘people of hidden knowledge’ (ahlul-baatin) .
Schools of Thought Among the Sufis
It is possible to divide the ideologies of the extreme Sufees into threecategories.
(1) The first category:
Followers of the Illuminist school of philosophy. They are those who give greater importance to the philosophical ideas overavoidance of the worldly life. What is meant by 'Illuminism' is that the soul is illuminated by light, which diffuses in the heart and is a result of spiritual exercises, training the soul and punishing the body in order to rectify and purify the spirit. This is something, which may be a characteristic of all Sufis, except that the people of this category draw the line here and do not fall into what those who claim that Allaah dwells within His creation fall into, or that everything is Allaah. However this way of theirs is contrary to the teachings of Islaam and is taken from the deviated religions such as Buddhism and its like.
(2) The second ideology is that of those who believe in hulool, those who say that Allaah dwells and is incarnate in human beings, High is Allaah above and far removed from that. This was openly called to by some of the extreme Sufis, such as al-Husayn ibn Mansoor al-Hallaaj who was declared to be an unbeliever by the scholars. They ordered that he be executed and he was crucified in the year 309H. The following saying is attributed to him:
“Glory to Him who manifested His human nature,
Hiding the piercing brightness of His divinity:
Till His creation saw Him openly,
In the form of one eating and drinking”Attributed by al-Wakeel to the book at Tawaaseen of al Hallaaj (p.130).
And his saying:
“I am the one who loves and the One who is loved is me, We are two spirits who dwell in a single body. So when you see me you see Him, and when you see Him you see us both.”
So al-Hallaaj was a believer in hulool and believed in the duality of the divine nature and that the Deity had both a divine and a human nature. Thus the divine becomes incarnate within the human so that the human spirit is the divine nature of the Deity and the body is its human form.Despite the fact that he was killed for his evil apostasy although some of the Sufis declare themselves free of him, yet others count him as a Sufi, hold that his beliefs were correct, and write down his words. From them isAbdul-'Abbaas ibn 'Ataa al-Baghdaadee, Muhammad ibn Khaleef ash--Sheeraazee and Ibraheem an-Nasraabaadhee, as is reported by al-Khateebal-Baghdaadee.
(3) The third ideology is that of wahdatul-wujood, i.e. that all in existence is a single reality, and that everything we see is only aspects of the Essence of Allaah. The chief claimant of this belief was Ibn 'Arabee al-Haatimee at-Taa'ee, who was buried in Damascus having died in the year 638H. He himself says about this belief in his book al-Fatoohaat- ul-Makkiyyah”
“The slave is the Lord and the Lord is a slave,I wish that I knew which was the one required to carry out the requiredduties. If I were to say the servant then that is true, or if I were to say the Lord, then how can that be required for Him.” Al-Fatoohaat- ul-Makkiyyah as it is attributed by Dr. Taqiyyuddeen al-Hilaalee in his book al-Hadiyyatul- Haadiyah (p.43).
He also says in al-Fatoohaat:"Those who worshipped the calf worshipped nothing except Allaah.”Quoted as Ibn 'Arabee's saying by Ibn Taymiyyah in al Fataawaa (vol.11)who attributes it to the book al Fatoohaat.
Ibn ‘Arabee is called ‘al-‘Aarif billaah’ (The one having great knowledge of Allaah) by the Sufis, and also ‘al-Qutubul Akbar’ (The great pivot), ‘al-Miskul-Adhfar’ (the sweetest smelling musk), ‘al-Kibreetul- Ahmar’ (the reddest brimstone), despite his belief in wahdatul-wujood and other calamitous sayings. Indeed he praised Fir'awn (Pharaoh) and declared that he died upon eemaan! Furthermore he speaks against Haroon for his criticism of his peoples worship of the calf, thus directly opposing the text of the Qur'aan. He also held that the Christians were Unbelievers only because they made divinity particular to 'Eesaa, whereas if they had made it general to all then they would not have been unbelievers. [Despite all the gross deviation of Ibn 'Arabee and the fact that the scholars declared him to be an Unbeliever, yet he is revered by the Sufisand others who do not distinguish between the truth and falsehood, and those who turn away from accepting the truth even when it is as clear as the sun. But his books, which are filled with clear apostasy, such as al-Fatoohaatul- Makkiyyah and Fusoosul-Hikam are still circulated. He even has a tafseer, which he called at-Tafseerul- Baatin since he holds thatthere is an apparent and a hidden meaning for every Aayah, so the outer meaning is for the people of Ta'weel]
From this group came Ibn Basheesh who said:
“O Allaah rescue me from the mire of Tawheed, and drown me in the centre of the sea of unity, and mix me into the state of unity and oneness until I do not see, nor hear, nor sense except through it."
Veneration of the Shaykhs Among the Sufis
So, O noble brothers, these are the schools of Sufism. The lightest of them is that of monkery (rahbaaniyyah) which has been forbidden by Islaam, and the most abominable is the saying that Allaah dwells and is incarnate within His creation (Huloool) and the saying that everything in existence is in reality Allaah (wahdatul-wujood) . Then it is a fact that all sects of the Sufis have gone beyond bounds in veneration of their shaykhs and in complete submission of the follower (mureed) to his teacher (shaykh); to the point that the follower gives full and unrestricted obedience to his shaykh, not showing the slightest resistance, so that he becomes like a dead body beneath the hand of the person washing it.
Muhammad 'Uthmaan as-Sufi the author of al-Habaatul Muqtabisah sayswhilst discussing the manners befitting the follower: “From them is that hesits in his presence as he sits in the Prayer, and that he loses himself in his presence, and that he does not sit above his mat, nor make wudoo with his pot, nor lean upon his stick. Listen to what one of the pure people said:
“Whoever says ‘Why?’ to his teacher will never prosper.”
Mustafaa al-Bakree wrote these manners in poetical form in Bulghatul-Mureed, saying: “Submit the affair to him and do not question. Even if hecomes with something sinful if that be possible. Be in his presence like a dead person since I am with one washing me to remove the filth from me. Do not step upon his mat, nor sleep upon his pillow.” [Attributed by al-Wakeel to Bulghatul-Mureed]
The Sufis make it obligatory for the follower to be a slave in mind and body to his shaykh, deprived of all will like a deceased person with the one washing him. Even if he sees him committing a sin or something contrary to the Sharee’ah still it is not permissible for him to ask about the reason for that, if he were to do so then he would be rejected from the mercy of his shaykh and would never prosper. This is one of the reasons for the extreme deviation of the Sufis, they have abolished forbidding evil so that evil actions have become good to them, even becoming righteous deeds and miraculous acts in their eyes. However in the correct teachings of Islaam then it is not permissible to obey anyone in something sinful, as the Messenger of Allaah said:
“There is no obedience to the creation in disobedience to the Creator” [Saheeh, reported by Ahmad- See Saheehul jaami]
Even with regard to the parents, who have a right greater than all otherpeople, yet still it is impermissible to obey them in disobedience to Allaah, as Allaah, the Most High, says:
“But if they (both) strive to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not, but behave with them in the world kindly.” [Luqmaan 31:15]
The Difference Between Zuhd (Abstemiousness) and Sufism
Brothers, the religion of Islaam orders justly balanced and moderate behavior in all affairs, so there is no going to excess, nor falling short of what is required. Likewise with regard to avoidance of the worldly life Islaam takes a middle course between the greed and avarice of the Jews and their extreme love of this worldly life and between the monks amongst the Christians who totally abandon seeking correct means of subsistence and refrain from working and earning a living.
If avoidance of preoccupation with this life is done within the limits of what was prescribed by the Messenger 𐁕 then it is something praiseworthy inIslaam, as the Prophet 𐁕 was the first and foremost of those who refrain from preoccupation with this world and likewise Aboo-Bakr and Umar radiyallaahu 'anhumaa, and many of the Companions. However their refraining from preoccupation with this world did not entail abandonment of earning and sitting in a hermits refuge awaiting whatever people brought to them. Rather the world used to come to them and they would spend it in charity. Nor would they abandon good and pure things unless they were difficult to obtain, but when they found these things they benefited from them. Indeed the Prophet 𐁕 used to love women and perfume and would eat meat. He would fast sometimes and other times refrain from fasting. He would stand in Prayer for some of the night and sleep also. He would work, fight, judge between the Muslims and teach them the Qur'aan and what is good.
Then amongst the scholars were some who refrained from occupation withworldly affairs, in the manner practiced by the Messenger 𐁕. However thisrefraining from worldly affairs which was practiced by the Prophet 𐁕 is notsomething obligatory upon the Muslims since it is not ordered in the Qur'aan or in the Sunnah. Furthermore amongst the Companions there were some who were occupied in business and acquiring a great deal of wealth. Amongst them was ‘Uthmaan ibn 'Affaan, ‘AbdurRahmaan ibn ‘Awf and az-Zubayr ibn al-‘Awaam. The Ansaar also had possession of two large gardens which they worked upon, and the Prophet 𐁕 did not prevent them from that. Rather there occurs in the Hadeeth: “How excellent is honest wealth for a righteous person.” [Saheeh, reported by Ahmad]. He 𐁕 supplicated for his servant Anas ibn Maalik and ended his supplication by saying: “O Allaah grant him increase in wealth and children and bless him in that.” [Al-Bukhaaree (Eng. trans. 8/258/no.389) ]
As for zuhd of the Sufis then it is abandonment of lawful earning andbeneficial work and to sit in seclusion in a private retreat waiting for whatever is brought to them by the people. It is to beg, ask for charity and to frequent the rulers and the traders in order to swindle them and praise and flatter them to attain crumbs from their tables. It is to falsely manifest poverty in their dress, so they wear old and worn out clothes in order to show that they withhold themselves from the life of this world and that they are pious and righteous persons loved by Allaah. Some of them may be sincere in their endurance of self-imposed hardship, surviving for many days without eating, or eating only dry bread with salt when they are able to eat good and fine foods. But this is contrary to his 𐁕 Sunnah, and he said: “Whoever turns away from my Sunnah is not from me.” [Reported by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]. Indeed the Prophet 𐁕 used to eat meat and he used to like to eat the foreleg of sheep. Whereas some of Sufis go tosuch extremes that they choose to eat what is harmful to them. Some of them eat soil and sand and choose to drink murky water, avoiding pure and cool water, since they would be unable to give due thanks for it. This is in fact a puny excuse, since would they, by abandoning cool water, be giving due thanks to Allaah for the rest of His blessings upon them? Such as sight, hearing, good health and so on?
Rather one who does this is sinful since he is doing that which will cause harm to his body and lead to its destruction and Allaah, the Most High, savs:
“And do not kill yourselves. Surely Allaah is Most Merciful to you.” [an-Nisaa' 4:29].
Allaah, the Most High, says:
“Allaah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you.” [al-Baqarah 2:185]
Also it has been made permissible for the Muslim to refrain from fasting inRamadaan when he is a traveller or is ill as a mercy to us, so all praise and thanks are due to Allaah, for His favours. This endurance of self-imposed hardship was found amongst the first Sufis, but as regards later Sufis then they were concerned only with food and drink. Ibnul-Jawzee said in Talbees Ibless, after criticizing the Sufis for their imposition of hardship upon themselves and for their going beyond bounds of abstemiousness to the point of self torture, "So this self deprivation which went beyond bounds, which we have been forbidden from, has been turned around by the Sufis of our time, i.e. the sixth century, so that they have become as desirous of food as their predecessors were of hunger, and they enjoy morning meals, evening meals and sweet delicacies, all of which or most of which they attain through impure wealth. They have abandoned lawful earnings, turned away from worship and spread out carpets on which they idly recline, most ofthem have no desire except for food, drink and frivolous activities."
Examples From the Iniquity of the Extreme Sufis
O brothers, in explaining the state of the Sufis our intention is not to gloat over their faults, nor to make mockery of them. Rather what is intended is to warn every Muslim from being duped by their falsehood and from being deceived by their tricks and ruses. Indeed our scholars of the past and the present have written books in reply to the misguidance of the Sufis. From these is the book Talbees Iblees of al-Haafidh ibn al-Jawzee, who died in the year 597H. He made the greater part of three hundred pages particular to replying to the ideas of the Sufis, their beliefs, practices, dress, their allowance of musical instruments, singingand dancing, and their enjoying the company of youths and young boys andso on.
Additionally great attention was given to replying to them and indeedcombating them by Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullaah. Due to thishe suffered harm at their hands and was imprisoned until he died,rahimahullaah. Also the scholar Burhaanuddeen al-Baqaa'ee who died in theyear 885H wrote the books in reply to the Sufis, they are:
(1) Tanbeehul-Ghabee ilaa Takfeerlbn 'Arabee (An alert to the ignorant of the unbelief of Ibn 'Arabee).
(2) Tahdheerul-' Ibaad min Ahlil-'Inaad bibid'atil-Ittihaad (A warning to the worshippers from the stubborn folk against the innovation of the sayingthat everything in existence is Allaah).
Both of these have been published together in a single volume along with the checking of Shaykh Abdur-Rahmaan al-Wakeel rahimahullaah, and he entitled it: Masra'is-Soofiyyah (The fatal blow to Sufism). In these books al-Baqaa'ee reports the sayings of the scholars who declared Ibn 'Arabee and Ibnul-Faarid to be unbelievers, and he quotes their own sayings and poems on account of which the scholars declared them to be unbelievers. O brothers, the scholar Burhaanuddeen al-Baqqaa'ee said, explaining the beliefs of Ibn 'Arabee at the start of his book, Tanbeebul-Ghabee: “Firstly it must be known that his speech, i.e. that of Ibn 'Arabee, revolves around unrestricted unity of all existence, that there is nothing besides this world, and that the Deity is a composite whole which does not exist except within its parts.”
Then listen to the saying of Ibn 'Arabee concerning the meaning of Allaah, the Most High's, name al-'Aliyy (The Most High). He says: "From His perfectnames is `The Most High', above whom? There is nothing there except Him...so His Highness is with regard to Himself, and with regard to existence He is the very essence of those things which are in existence." Until he said: "So He is that which is manifest and that which is hidden when He is manifest. Then there is none there to see Him except Himself. Then there is none hidden from Him, since He is manifest to Himself, hidden from him, and he is one called Aboo Sa'eed al-Kharraaz. And likewise with regard to the names of other new things." [Al-Baqaa'ee quotes it (pp.63-64) and it is attributed by al-Wakeel to al-Fusoos (pp.7677) of Ibn 'Arabee]
So in the view of Ibn 'Arabee everything is Allaah, and he clearly declares that Allaah is Aboo Sa'eed al-Kharraaz. Aboo Sa'eed al-Kharraaz was a Sufi from Baghdaad who died in 277H. O brothers, is this saying not worse than that of the Christians about Allaah? High is Allaah above and far removed from that.
Imaam Zaynuddeen al-'Iraaqee said in reply to someone who asked himabout Ibn 'Arabee: "As for his saying that He is whatever is manifest andwhatever is hidden, then this is a poisonous saying of unrestricted unity and that all creatures in existence are Him. The fact that this is what he meant is shown by what he clearly states after it which is that He is the one called Aboo Sa'eed al-Kharraaz, and the other names of new things. So one who says this and one who believes it is an unbeliever by consensus of the scholars. [Al-Baqaa'ee' s book, p.66.]
The Unity of Religions According to Ibn 'Arabee
Ibn 'Arabee held that all the pagans and idol-worshippers were upon the truth since Allaah is in his view everything. Therefore whoever worshipped an idol, or worshipped a stone, or a tree, or a human, or a star, then he has worshipped Allaah. He says about this: “So the person with complete understanding is he who sees every object of worship to be a manifestation of the truth contained therein, for which it is worshipped.
Therefore they all call it a god, along with its particular name, whether it is a rock, or a tree, or an animal, or a person, or a star, or an angel.” [Al-Fusoos (1/195), al-Wakeel: Hadhihi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (p.38).
So Ibn 'Arabee declares their idol-worship to be correct since everythingwhich they worship is only the Lord appearing in the form of a human, a tree or a stone.
O brothers, if the Sabians were unbelievers because they worshipped thestars, and the Jews were unbelievers because they worshipped the calf, andthe Christians were unbelievers because they worshipped 'Eesaa, and theQuraysh were unbelievers before Islaam because they worshipped idols...then how can the one who calls to the worship of all these things not be anunbeliever? [See Hadhihi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (p.38)].
Ibn 'Arahee even admits his belief that all religions are one and that his heart is ready to embrace every sect and religion. He says in his book Dhakhaairul A'laaq Sharh Tarjumaanil- Ashwaaq:
“Before today I used to criticize my companion, if my religion was not the one which he followed. But my heart changed to accept every image, so pastures for the carefree lovers and convents for the monks. A house of idols and the idol house in Taa'if, the tablets of the Torah and the mushaf of the Qur'aan. I follow the religion of love wherever it takes me, so all religion is my religion and my belief.” [Al-Wakeel: Hadhihi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (p.93) and he attributes it to p.93 of Dhakhaairul A'laaq].
Furthermore Ibn 'Arabee warned his followers from believing in one particular religion and disbelieving in all others. He said in al-Fusoos:
“Beware of restricting yourself to one particular creed and disbelieving in everything else, so that great good would be missed by you, indeed you would miss attainment of knowledge of the affair in the form he is following. Rather be ready to accept all forms of belief. This is because Allaah is higher and greater than to be comprehended by one belief to the exclusion of others. Rather all are correct, and everyone who is correct receives reward, and everyone who is rewarded is fortunate, and everyone who is fortunate is one with whom He is pleased.” [Hadhihi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (p.94) and he attributes it to al-Fusoos (p.191)].
Therefore Ibn 'Arabee declares that the Pharaoh in the time of Moosa wassaved and he says commenting on the saying of Allaah, the Most High:
“A comfort for the eye, for me and for you.” [al?Qasas 28:9]
“So through it came delight to her eye, i.e. that of the wife of Pharaoh, because of the perfection that she was granted, and the pleasure for the eye of Pharaoh was because of the faith (eemaan) which Allaah gave to him when he drowned, so He took his soul which was pure and purified containing no impurity.” [Hadhihi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (p.95) and he attributes it to al-Fusoos (p.201)]
He openly declares that Pharaoh was a Believer, contrary to the text of theNoble Qur'aan in many Aayaat. From them is the saying of Allaah, the MostHigh:
“So Allaah seized him with punishment for his last and his first transgression.” [an-Naazi'aat 79:25]
Also 'Abdul-Kareem al-Jeelee who died in the year 830H says, explaining hisbelief that all religions are one in his book al-Insaanul Kaamil (The Perfect Man):
“So I surrender myself to whatever my desires surrender me to, how can I dispute with the judgement of one beloved. Sometimes you may see me bowing in the mosques and other times I will be found worshipping in churches. If in the judgment of the Sharee'ah I am a sinner yet with regard to theknowledge of reality I am obedient.” [Hadhihi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (p.96) and he attributes it to al-Fusoos (1/69)]
Therefore according to al-Jeelee there is no difference between the mosqueand the church, and even though he was sinful and disobedient to Allaah'sorders according to the outer and apparent Sharee'ab, as he claimed, but hewas inwardly obedient to Allaah since he was obedient to Allaah's will.Also listen to Ibnul-Faarid' s claim that Allaah is actually His creation, and High is Allaah above that. He said:
“I proceed forward to the true reality, and mankind were behind me, wherever I turned there it was. It was no wonder that the people prayed until My heart became settled and it is the direction of Prayer and aspiration for me. For it are all my Prayers, which I offer on the place of standing, and I testify about it that it prayed to me. And all else prayed to me and My Prayer was not to anyone but me in every rak'ah.”
Ibnul-Faarid also composed a complete poem in which he addresses Allaah infeminine form in like manner. However, O brothers, again space does notpermit us to bring other examples of the belief of most of the Sufis in unity of all religions, from the words of their foremost leaders such as Ibnul-Faarid, al-Jeelee, Ibn 'Ajeebah, Hasan Ridwaan, Ibn-Basheesh and ad-Dimardaash and others, and whoever wishes to see these things then he may refer to the book Haadhi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (This is Sufism) of 'Abdur-Rahmaan al-Wakeel rahimahullaah.
‘Miracles’ of the Sufis
The Sufis go to the extreme in veneration of their shaykhs, to the point that they think that everything, which emanates from the shaykh is true andcorrect, even that it is a sign of his excellence and a miracle. They write down the ‘miracles’ of their shaykhs in their books and they are of various types reaching the level of claims of giving life to the dead, others are so insignificant that they are not even worthy of mention.
Listen to the types of miracles reported by 'Abdur-Ra'oof al-Manaawee: “Thefirst type: is giving life to the dead, and that is the highest level. From this is that Aboo 'Ubayd al-Yusree fought in a battle and along with him was a riding beast which died, so he asked Allaah to restore it to life, so it stood up shaking its ears... and that Mufarrij ad-Damaameenee was brought a roasted bird and he said: ‘Fly with the permission of Allaah, the Most High.’ So it flew... and al-Kaylaanee placed his hand upon the bone of a chicken which he had eaten and said to it: ‘Stand by the permission of Allaah so it stood... and a son of one of the students of Aboo Yoosuf ad-Dahmaanee died, so he grieved for him, so the shaykh said: ‘Stand up by the permission of Allaah,’ so he stood up and lived for a long time.” [Hadhihi Hiyas-SoofiyyaH (p.116) and al-Kawaakibud- DurriyyaH of Abdur-Ra'oof al-Manaawee (p. 11)]
These miracles are not equal to the miracles such as those of the Prophet of Allaah 'Eesaa ‘alaihis-salaam, and they were particular to him.
Ash-Sha'raanee narrates about the miracles of al-'Ajmee saying: “His gaze fell upon a dog, so all other dogs submitted to that one and took it as their chief and people used to come to it for the fulfillment of their needs. Then when that dog fell ill all the other dogs gathered around it weeping and when it died they wept openly and howled their lamentations. So Allaah, the Most High, inspired in some of the people that they should bury it. Then the dogs used to visit its grave until they died. So this was what one glance did for a dog, imagine if his glance had fallen upon a person. [Hadhihi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (p.113), at-Tabaqaat (2/61) in the biography of al-'Ajamee].
Ash-Sha'raanee also claims that his chief Ahmad al-Badawee has control overthe universe from his grave. He says: “My shaykh took the covenant from mefrom me in the tomb whilst I was facing Ahmad al-Badawee, and made meshake hands with him. So the noble hand came out of the tomb and took holdof my hand. My leader ash-Shanaawee said: Let your mind be focused uponhim and let him be in your gaze, so I heard my chief Ahmad al-Badawee sayfrom the grave: ‘Yes.’ Then he said: And I was absent from the birthdaycelebration and there was one of the ‘Awliyaa’ present so he informed me that Ahmad al-Badawee on that day removed the covering from his tomb and said: “Abdul-Wahhaab has stayed behind and not come.” [Hadhihi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (p.113)]
Would not a person with any sense of shame feel shy to report the ‘miracles’ or crimes of the Sufis pertaining to their openly having intercourse with animals in the streets and other depravity, and their claim that this is from their ‘miracles’? We will quote here the ‘miracle’ of Shaykh Ibraaheem al-'Urayaan. Ash-Sha'raanee says: “From them is Shaykh Ibraaheem al- 'Urayaan who used to ascend the pulpit and address them in the nude... and the people would be greatly pleased by what they heard.”
Even theft is regarded as a miraculous gift to the Sufis... listen to what ad-Dibaagh, who was one of the chief pillars amongst the Sufis, said: “A walee who is one having control over the affairs may stretch out his hand to the pocket of whomever he pleases, and take from it as many dirhams [Arabian coins], whilst the owner is not aware of anything.” [Hadhihi Hiyas-Soofiyyah (p.124), al-Ibreez of ad-Dibaagh 2/12].
Here is a Sufi who claiming that seeing his shaykh is more beneficial thanseeing Allaah. Aboo Turaab said to his friend one day: “If only you saw Aboo Yazeed al-Bustaamee.” So he said: “I am preoccupied from that since I have seen Allaah and that has sufficed me from needing Aboo Yazeed.” AbooTuraab said: “Woe to you, you are proud because of Allaah, the Mighty andMajestic, if you had seen Aboo Yazeed a single time it would have been better for you than seeing Allaah seventy times. [Abridged from Ihyaa ‘Uloomid-Deen of al-Ghazzaalee (4/356)]. Al-Ghazaalee added: The like of these revelations should not be denied by the Believer.
O brothers, these narration's show us that the leaders of the Sufis are notsatisfied with making lawful that which Allaah has prohibited, with regard to theft, wickedness and the like, on top of that they declare that these things are miraculous happenings and a sign that a person is from the awliyaa. This clearly contradicts and clashes with the teachings of Islaam, and is clear unbelief in the texts of the Noble Qur'aan and the pure Sunnah, and the scholars of Islaam are agreed that whoever declares lawful something which is necessarily known to be forbidden in Islaam, then he is an unbeliever.. .then how about one who holds that committing major sins is a sign that a person is from the awliyaa and is a miracle?
A very dangerous manifestation of Sufism is their calling upon others besides Allaah...calling and supplicating to the dead. This is major shirk which is warned against in the Noble Qur'aan:
“And invoke not besides Allaah, any that can neither profit you, nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the wrong doers.” [Yoonus 10:106].
Meaning you would then be one of the idolaters.
Al-Boosayree the poet of the Sufis says, addressing the Messenger 𐁕:“O most noble of the creation I have none from whom I derive pleasure, other than you when general disaster strikes. Time never struck me with any harm and I sought his protection. Except that I attained protectionfrom all harm.”