syed-mohsin naquvi wrote:
Instead, he is asking about Sa'ad not cursing Ali. Was Sa'ad violating an Islamic law by not cursing Ali? Was he violating a local order? Was he getting paid to do that(cursing Ali) and not fulfilling his duty? IT WAS NOT UNTIL THE GOOD UMAYYAD NAMED UMAR BIN ABDUL AZEEZ IN THE 99th YEAR OF HIJRA STOPPED THE ABHORENT PRACTICE.
Dear Syed Sahab,
I view that whole scenarion like this:
Hazrat Muawiyah [May Allah be pleased with him] had a difference with Hazrat Ali [May Allah be pleased with him]
It is also a well-known fact also that Hazrat Ali's son Hazrat Hussain [May Allah be pleased with both of them] - accepted reconciliation with Mu`awiya and gave him his pledge (bay`a) as narrated by al-Bukhari in his Sahih.
Hazrat `Umar ibn `Abd al-`Aziz [Rahimaullah] said: "Those from whose blood Allah has kept our hands exempt, we shall not soil with it our tongues."
The Prophet Mohammad [PBUH] said: "None of you should come to me with anything (negative) about any of my Companions for I do not want to go out to you except with a clear heart." [Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi and Musnad Ahmad Bin Hanbal]
Regarding Sahih Muslim's Hadith of Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas [May Allah be pleased with him]:
Imam al-Nawawi said: "The ulamas said: Any hadith that appear to refer to intra-Sahaba enmity is interpreted figuratively. In this hadith there is nothing that states that Mu`awiya actually ordered Sa`d to curse `Ali, but he only asked him for the reason why he refrained from cursing him: was it Godwariness? in which case, well done; or fear? etc. It may be that Sa`d was observed among a group that cursed `Ali, but he himself abstained from it although unable to reprimand them, then they were subsequently reprimanded, and Mu`awiya asked him this question. Another possible interpretation is: What prevented you from proving `Ali wrong in his opinion and ijtihad, and tell people the rightness and correctness of our position and ijtihad?"
Lets just assume that the Companions above were worst enemies than my view is as under because on the Judgement Day we will not be asked about the conduct of Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Ameer Muawiya [May Allah be pleased with both of them].
وَلاَ تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّكُمْ مَّرْجِعُكُـمْ فَيُنَبِّئُكُـمْ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ إِنَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ
No laden soul will bear another's load. Then unto your Lord is your return; and He will tell you what ye used to do. Lo! He knoweth what is in the breasts (of men). [AZ-ZUMAR (THE TROOPS, THRONGS) Chapter 39 Verse 7]
أَلاَّ تَزِرُ وَزِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى - وَأَن لَّيْسَ لِلإِنسَـنِ إِلاَّ مَا سَعَى - وَأَنَّ سَعْيَهُ سَوْفَ يُرَى - ثُمَّ يُجْزَاهُ الْجَزَآءَ الأَوْفَى
That no laden one shall bear another's load, And that man hath only that for which he maketh effort, And that his effort will be seen. And afterward he will be repaid for it with fullest payment; [Quran AN-NAJM (THE STAR) Chapter 53: Verse 38 to 41]
قُلْ أَغَيْرَ اللَّهِ أَبْغِى رَبًّا وَهُوَ رَبُّ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ وَلاَ تَكْسِبُ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ إِلاَّ عَلَيْهَا وَلاَ تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى ثُمَّ إِلَى رَبِّكُمْ مَّرْجِعُكُمْ فَيُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ
Say: Shall I seek another than Allah for Lord, when He is Lord of all things? Each soul earneth only on its own account, nor doth any laden bear another's load. Then unto your Lord is your return and He will tell you that wherein ye differed. [Quran AL-ANAAM (CATTLE, LIVESTOCK) Chapter 6: Verse 164]
Since we have been discussing the Companions of the Prophet Mohammad [PBUH] and we have been warned to not to speak ill of the dead what to talk discussing those who were blessed amongst men i.e. Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Muawiyah [May Allah be pleased with both of them]
As per Sunnah:
Prophet Mohammad [PBUH] said: Do not speak ill of the dead for they have reached the deeds that they have put forth [Bukhari]