Monday, October 20, 2008

Veracity of Tabari's Islamic History - 35

aijaz alamdar wrote:

Abdullah Ibn Saba (Part I)

Enemies of Islam whose goal were/are to split the Muslims,

(1) Tabari, (2) Dhahabi(He has also cited from Tabari),(3) Ibn Abi Bakir ( He has also recorded from Ibn Athir, who has recorded from Tabari), (4) Ibn Asakir. (5) Nicholson from Tabari, (6) Encyclopedia of Islam from Tabari, (7) Van Floton from Tabari, (8) Wellhauzen from Tabari, (9) Mirkhand from Tabari, (10) Ahmad Amin from Tabari, and from Wellhauzen, 10) Farid Wajdi from Tabari, (12) Hasan Ibrahim from Tabari.

Dear Syed Sahab,

If Tabari was so 'Bad Liar' and concocted the Character of Abdullah Ibn Sabah aka Ibn Sauda [A Yemeni Jew Originator of Ghulata Rafidha] then why Shias accept following reports from the same Liar Tabari?


Mawdoodi and Tabari:

1) Syed Abul 'Ala Mawdudi in, Khilafat o Mulukiyat, states:

"One more dis-liked innovation (bid'at) that reigned in the time of Hadhrat Muawiya [ra], that he himself (khud), and by his orders all (tamam) his governers, in their sermons (khutboon) through the pulpit reviled and insulted (sab o shatm) Hadhrat Ali [ra]. Even yet, in the mosque of the Prophet (S), through the pulpit (minbar) before the rawdah e nabawi, the dearest of the Prophet's (S) relatives were villified (gal'ian) and Hadhrat Ali's (ra) children and the nearest of his kin bore witness to these villifications (gali'an)."

The references from Mawdudi are to al Tabari, Tarikh, v4, p188, Ibn al Athir, al Kamil, v3, v4, p154, Ibn Kathir, al Bidaya, v8, p259, v9, p80.

2) Al Tabari writes in his work on history, they were,

"al Hasan had already made peace with Muawiyah on condition that he concede to him what was in his treasury plus the revenue of Darabjird and that 'Ali not be reviled in his hearing." (The History of al Tabari, Between Civil Wars: The Caliphate of Muawiyah, Section: The Rendering of Allegiance to al Hasan b. Ali).

3) "Marwan the architect of Umayyad dynastic rule, clearly recognized the importance of cursing as a tool of the government. He told 'Ali's grandson Ali b. al Husayn privately: 'No one [among the Islamic nobility] was more temperate (akaff) towards our master than your master'. The harmless son of al Husayn asked him: 'Why do you curse him then from the pulpits? 'He answered: 'Our reign would not be sound without that (la yastaqimu l-amru illa bi-dhalik)". (Baladhuri, AnsabII, 184-5 and ; Ibn Asakir, 'Ali, III, 98-9).

4) "Particularly useful for Muawiyas purpose was the public cursing of Ali in Kufa where he hoped it would bring out into the open the latent opposition of the Umayyad rule, thus facilitating his measures of repression. When he appointed al Mughira b Shuba governer of Kufa in Jumada 41/September-October 661, he instructed him: 'Never desist from abusing and censuring 'Ali, from praying for God's mercy and forgiveness for Uthman from disgracing the followers of Ali, from removing them and refusing to listen to them, and never cease praising the partisans of Uthman, may God be pleased with him, bringing them close to you and listening to them". (Tabari, II, 112).


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